Selling real estate property in India may be a challenging and complicated procedure, particularly when it comes to taxes. You must take a number of taxes into account when selling a home or business, including capital gains tax, stamp duty, and registration costs. Keeping up with the most recent amendments and rules might be difficult because India’s tax on property is continuously changing.
We will give a thorough review of the taxes related to the sale of property in India in this article, including how capital gains tax is calculated, what exemptions and deductions are available, and what paperwork is needed to complete the sale. You should have a better understanding of the tax consequences after reading this guide.
How to calculate taxes on the sale of property in India
The calculation of taxes on the sale of property in India involves several factors. Here’s a general overview of the process:
. Determine the capital gains: The first step is to calculate the capital gains on the property being sold. This is done by subtracting the cost of acquisition from the sale price. The cost of acquisition includes the purchase price of the property along with any additional expenses incurred while acquiring the property, such as stamp duty, registration charges, legal fees, etc.
. Categorise the capital gains: Capital gains are categorised as long-term or short-term based on the duration of holding the property. If the property is held for less than 24 months, it is considered a short-term capital asset, and if it is held for more than 24 months, it is considered a long-term capital asset.
. Calculate the tax liability: The tax liability on the capital gains depends on whether the asset is a long-term or short-term capital asset. For short-term capital assets, the gains are added to the taxpayer’s income and taxed at the applicable income tax rate. For long-term capital assets, the tax liability is calculated based on the indexed cost of acquisition and the applicable tax rate.
. Exemptions and deductions: The taxpayer can claim certain exemptions and deductions to reduce their tax liability. For example, if the proceeds from the sale are invested in certain specified assets, such as residential property or certain bonds, the taxpayer can claim exemptions under Section 54 or Section 54F of the Income Tax Act, respectively. Additionally, the taxpayer can claim deductions for expenses incurred in connection with the sale of the property, such as brokerage, legal fees, and stamp duty.
. Pay the taxes: The final step is to pay the taxes due on the capital gains. Taxes are usually paid through self-assessment tax or advance tax, depending on the amount of tax liability.
How to save tax on selling property in India?
There are several ways to save tax on selling property in India. Here are a few options to consider:
Invest in a residential property: If the proceeds from the sale of the property are invested in another residential property within a specified time frame, the taxpayer can claim exemptions under Section 54 of the Income Tax Act. The exemption is available for long-term capital gains on the sale of the original property, subject to certain conditions.
Invest in specified bonds: Another option to save Taxes on property
is to invest the sale proceeds in specified bonds within six months of the sale. The bonds eligible for this exemption are issued by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) or the Rural Electrification Corporation (REC), and the exemption is available under Section 54EC of the Income Tax Act.
Use the capital gains account scheme: Under the Capital Gains Account Scheme (CGAS), the taxpayer can deposit the proceeds from the sale of property in a designated account and use the funds to purchase another property within a specified time frame. This option can provide some flexibility in managing the funds and can also help defer the tax liability.
In India, figuring out the capital gains and classifying them as short-term or long-term is the first step in figuring out the tax obligation based on the applicable tax rate. Taxpayers can also benefit from a number of exemptions and deductions, including investing in residential real estate or certain bonds, deducting costs incurred, and managing funds through the Capital Gains Account Scheme. To guarantee precise and efficient tax planning, it is always advisable to consult a tax specialist or chartered accountant. Taxpayers can reduce their tax obligation and increase their gains from the sale of property in India by utilising these options.